The History of Banking Hall

The History of Banking Hall introduces the beginning of banking operations, the first medieval stratum, central and joint stock commercial banks. Along with the exhibits displayed in the showcases, the role of the Bank of Lithuania in pushing through a money reform in 1922, stabilising the country’s financial and credit market during the years of global crisis is revealed, the fall of banking following Lithuania’s occupation by the Soviets is highlighted. The period is illustrated through unique exhibits: the book “Bank of Lithuania. Gold Reserves Abroad”, which registers all of the gold reserves of the state, the Bank of Lithuania’s cashier furniture and world materials. Securities from the end of the 19th c.–first half of the 20th c. are exhibited: bonds, shares, loans, collateral sheets and so on. Detailed information on the activities of the Bank of Lithuania in the inter-war period in performing the issuing of currency, gathering foreign currency and gold reserves, promoting economic development is presented in the terminal with the virtual exhibition “Money in Lithuania 1914–1945”. The hour-long visual story discusses the five thematic divisions with sub-divisions. The text of the virtual exposition and the visual material demonstrated reveal the political, economic and financial situation in Lithuania from the beginning of World War One and restoration of the State to Soviet occupation and the end of World War Two.
The Hall’s exhibition is completed with topics dedicated to World War II and the occupation, the 1945–1990 Soviet financial and credit system.